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Latino Immigration

There has long been debate about the use of the term Latin in the name Latin America and by extension about the term Latino. But the use of the word Latin evokes the geographical and historical, not racial, commonality of Latin American peoples, whereas a racial or linguistic definition might exclude millions of descendants of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, or the descendants of African slaves or of Asian immigrants.

Due to the fact that "Latino" is generally recognized, incorrectly by the average American as a synonym of "Hispanic", some Brazilians (Portuguese speakers), when included under the Latino definition may not feel comfortable. Other non-Spanish speaking people originating from other Latin American countries may feel similarly due to the perceived negation of their language and diverse ethnic heritage by the generalization of the term.

Much like the terms black, African American, etc., the term Latino (as well as Hispanic) can carry many connotations and implications, many of them emotional and/or politically significant, and is thus impossible to objectively define, perhaps. Generally speaking, however, in the U.S., both terms (Latino and Hispanic) are usually used and understood to describe (roughly)

(A) people from predominantly Spanish-speaking countries in the Western Hemisphere: e.g. Mexico, Central and South America, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic; and

(B) their descendants.

Immigration and diffusion of Mexican-American communities throughout the U.S.

Mexican-Americans made up a significant number of workers in a number of industries, particularly the railroad and mining industries in the southwestern U.S., that led to the growth of communities throughout the region. The employment needs of the railroad industry in the late nineteenth century brought Mexican immigrants from more remote regions of Mexico, while the new systems integrated the border regions of the United States and Mexico. The railroad also led to the economic development of those parts of the US, drawing Mexican immigrants in large numbers into agriculture in the early twentieth century, establishing a pattern that continued thereafter.

These largely male Mexican immigrants also established colonias in the early twentieth century in places such as Kansas City and Chicago as railroad employment took them further within the United States. Mexican-Americans and Mexican immigrants also moved in large numbers to Denver the San Francisco Bay area and to a lesser extent to Detroit and the Monongahela Valley, Pennsylvania, during World War I to work in the steel and automobile manufacturing industry. Others began migrating from South Texas to work in cotton fields elsewhere in Texas and Oklahoma.

More recently, beginning in significant numbers in the 1970s, Mexican immigrants have moved in large numbers to the Midwest, attracted by jobs in the packinghouse industry, and to the southeastern U.S., where they have displaced many African-Americans and contract workers from the Caribbean in agriculture and related industries. This large wave of Mexican immigration are attracted to low-paid labor jobs and an equally high number moved to low-income communities, such as industrial suburbs of Los Angeles in ethnic neighborhoods known as barrios and the agricultural sector of Imperial Valley, California.

Source: Wikipedia.org

Here is a list of famous Hispanic American people, their biographies, and pictures. Some of these are admirable Latinas who went beyond conquering race and gender discrimination to reach the top positions in their fields.

Famous Hispanic American Biographies

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